Business Valuation Methods

Business Valuation Methods

Before buying or selling a business, establishing an accurate value of a business, i.e. to do business valuation is highly essential for a better deal. To get most out of your investment, it is highly essential to value assets skillfully. And while you can increase the value of a transaction by doing a successful integration, paying the right amount for a company offers you the best platform to do so. sell business
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There are ample ways for business valuation. Along with knowing one or two of them, mastering at least one method of business valuation saves you from the chances of joining the thousands of acquirers that pay more than required for assets. sell business india
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Below mentioned are few most commonly used (or misused) of all:

1. Discounted Cash Flow Analysis sell my company

Discounted cash flow (DCF) allows you to determine the value of an investment based on its future cash flows. The present value of expected future cash flows can be known by using a discount rate to calculate the discounted cash flow (DCF). buy a company
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If the discounted cash flow (DCF) is more than the current cost of the investment, the returns are positive. The thought process behind DCF Analysis is that free cash flows are what endow shareholders with value, so FCF is the only number that is important. Because of which, companies normally use the weighted average cost of capital for the discount rate. The DCF has limitations, primarily that it relies on estimations on future cash flows, which could prove to be inaccurate and can lead to significant differences in valuation, fueling criticism of the method. sell business in india
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2. Real Option Analysis
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Real options analysis looks at businesses as something that is a nexus of real options: the alternate to investing in opportunities, the choice to utilize spare capacity, the option to hire more salespeople, etc. Considering these options together is the basis behind real options analysis for valuation.

This method is typically used for startups and mineral exploration firms, etc. which have an uncertain future and aren’t cash generative. It is the most complicated method among all mentioned, but its proponents include McKinsey and several of the world’s most well-known business schools.
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3. Capitalization of Earnings Method
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The capitalization of earnings method is a clean, back-of-the-envelope method for determining the value of a business, which is used by DCF Analysis to arrive at the perpetual earnings. The formula is Net Present Value (NPV) divided by Capitalization rate to determine an approximation of a valuation. 
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To apply this formula efficiently requires a strong understanding of the target business. Also called the Gordon Growth Model, the capitalization of earnings method needs the business to have a steady level of growth and cost of capital.  sell my business in bangalore
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4. Precedent Transactions businesses to buy in mumbai
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This method is different from the EBITA and revenue multipliers or any other multiple that is typically used. In this method, the valuation is derived from comparable transactions in the industry. Precedent transaction analysis depends on publicly known information to create a reasonable estimate of multiples or premiums that others have paid for a publicly-traded company. The analysis considers the type of investors that have purchased similar companies under a similar situation in the past and tests whether the companies making the acquisitions are likely to make another acquisition.
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5. EBITDA Multiple
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A company’s EBITDA multiple gives a normalized ratio for variation in capital structure, taxation, fixed assets, and for comparing disparities of operations in various companies. The ratio compares a company’s enterprise value (which represents market capitalization plus net debt) to the  Earnings  Before  Interest & Taxes,  Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) for a certain period. The EBITDA multiplier is the best solution to the arbitrary nature of all other valuation methods. Aswath Damodaran, the father of modern valuation, also said that ‘any valuation of a business should follow the law of parsimony: the simpler of two (or more) competing theories should hold sway in an argument.’
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On this basis, the EBITDA multiple - the multiplication of current year’s EBITDA by a multiplier with whom both the buyer and seller agrees - is a satisfactory solution to the valuation confusion. 
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6. Liquidation Value
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The liquidation value (also known as the book value) is a technique Warren Buffett advises to look at analysis of the price of stocks of businesses. 
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The liquidation value is the net cash that a business would generate if all of its liabilities were paid off and its assets were liquidated. Liquidation value can be determined by a company's assets which are real estate, fixtures, equipment, and inventory. However, calling this a valuation method for a business is a misnomer - this only covers the value of part of the business. But, according to Buffett, it allows you to know the ‘margin of error’ that is there with valuation. The logic goes that, even if things go wrong in management and the company’s sales fall drastically after the acquisition, it can always rely on the liquidation value.
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7. Revenue Multiple
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This method, despite being similar to the EBITDA Multiplier method, has one advantage: It can be applied in those situations where EBITDA is either negative or isn’t found (usually because sales figures are the only ones you can find when researching firms to acquire through an online search). A revenue multiple determines the value of the equity of a business relative to the revenues that it generates. Other things remaining equal, firms that trade at low multiples of revenues are not preferred relative to firms that trade at high multiples of revenues.
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It is advisable to use as many measures as possible for valuation, assuming the data are available to you. The more insights that can be garnered on its revenues, EBITDA, free cash flows, assets, and real options, the better perspective of the company’s true value is achieved. buy business